In 2018, canines killed 36 Americans, pit bulls contributed to 72% of these deaths. Over the last 14 years, canines killed 471 Americans. Two dog breeds, pit bulls (311) and rottweilers (47), contributed to 76% of the total recorded deaths.
Austin, TX, May 10, 2019 –(PR.com)– DogsBite.org, a national dog bite victims’ group dedicated to reducing serious dog attacks, releases 2018 U.S. dog bite fatality statistics. Last year, dogs inflicted 36 deadly attacks. Pit bulls inflicted 72% (26) of these deaths, over 8 times more than the next closest breed, “mixed-breeds,” with 3 deaths. Two fatal dog attacks unreported by media outlets were captured in records requests by the nonprofit; a death in California and Nevada.
In 2018, 78% (28) of dog bite fatality victims were female; the highest annual number of female victims in the nonprofit’s 14-year data set (2005 to 2018). Owner-directed attacks (when a dog kills its owner) surged in 2018, comprising 28% of all deaths. Of the 10 owner-directed attacks, 80% (8) killed women ages 28 to 64 years. Pit bulls inflicted 70% (7) of these deaths and mastiff-type dogs inflicted 30% (3). Rescued or rehomed dogs carried out 3 of these attacks.
Fatal dog attacks inflicted by rescued or rehomed dogs also surged in 2018, accounting for 19% (7) of all deaths; 57% (4) of these dogs were vetted by an animal shelter prior to adoption. Rescued pit bulls inflicted 71% (5) of these deaths, including a pit bull that had been on “death row” in West Virginia; a mixed-breed that was part-pit bull inflicted 1 death and a mastiff-mix inflicted 1 death. Public shelters in Clark County, Nevada adopted out 2 of these dogs.
In 2018, only 6% (2) of dog bite fatalities resulted in criminal charges, down from the 13-year average of 21%. Both cases involved pit bulls, including charges against a babysitter in Missouri and a husband in Kentucky. Florida and North Carolina led all states in lethal dog attacks in 2018, each with 4 deaths. In Florida, all of the victims were female children ages 0-6 years, including 3 infants. California, Pennsylvania and Texas followed, each incurring 3 dog attack deaths.
This year’s release includes statistics from the 14-year data set (2005 to 2018). During this period, canines killed 471 Americans. Pit bulls contributed to 66% (311) of these deaths. Combined, pit bulls and rottweilers (47) contributed to 76% of the total recorded deaths. When mastiff-type guard dogs and war dogs are added — the types used to create “baiting” bull breeds and fighting breeds — this small group of dog breeds accounts for 84% (397) of all dog bite-related deaths.
Discussion Notes examine 2018 annual trends and trends over 14 years of fatal dog attack statistics by reviewing a table and chart. The table is divided into 3 periods (5, 5 and 4-years) and examines multiple trends and the percent change between the 1st and 3rd periods. The chart is divided into 2 periods (a dual pie chart) and shows the rising domination of pit bulls in fatal attacks, accounting for 60% of all deaths (from 2005 to 2012) to 73% (from 2013 to 2018), a 22% rise.
Highlights from the table, which documents changes between the 1st period (2005-2009) and 3rd period (2015-2018) include the following:
–While dog mauling deaths of children (≤ 9 years) have decreased between the two periods, infant deaths (< 1 year) have increased by 29%.
–Female victims of fatal dog maulings have risen from 46.3% to 56.6% between the two periods, a 22% rise. Females are now the majority of all victims.
–Persons (≥ 10 years) now account for 60% of all dog bite fatality victims. The fastest rising adult age group, (50-69 years), rose by 82% between the two periods.
–Owner-directed fatal attacks increased by 67% between the two periods and fatal attacks inflicted by rescued or rehomed dogs increased by over 600%.
Trends: 14 Years of U.S. Dog Bite Fatalities in 3 Periods (2005 to 2018), a PDF file, is available for download on the nonprofit’s 2018 U.S. Dog Bite Fatality Statistics web page and the adjoining discussion notes blog post.
Published at Fri, 10 May 2019 12:15:00 +0000